There are a variety of conditions in which thinning of the hair occurs. Some types of hair fall are due to physical damage to hair, whereas, others are due to scanty hair follicles. In some conditions, only a small area is involved. The following are a few conditions which may cause your anxiety receptors to turn on.
• Patchy hair loss (Alopecia areata):
It is a common condition that involves small circular patches of the scalp.
Usually, hair re-grows at these patches in a couple of months without any specific treatment. It is an autoimmune disorder, in which the body envies its own hair follicles.
It runs in families and has genetic preponderance.
This type of hair loss affects both men and women. But ladies, sigh! You are more prone to this evil and it can hit you at any age.
• Total hair loss (Alopecia totalis):
It is a condition of complete hair loss of scalp and it usually develops from alopecia areata. The victims are usually children and ladies above the age of 40.
• Hair loss due to tension (Traction alopecia):
It is a localized type of hair loss that is caused by too much tension on the hair shaft.
Tight ponytails or braids that pull hard on hairs make them fall out of the scalp.
Again, this type is common in women. To prevent this, it is better to go for some relaxing hairstyles otherwise it will lead to permanent hair loss.
• Hair loss due to stress (Telogen effluvium):
In this condition, hair shedding occurs due to premature entry of hair into the resting phase of the growth cycle.
This fall out is caused by emotional or physiological stress disturbing the normal growth cycle of hair. Telogen effluvium is generalized hair loss with noticeable thinning of the hair.
This is temporary hair loss, especially near the front of the scalp.
So women, don’t be worried, as your hair will come back. The stressful events may include childbirth, anemia, crash diets and long running illnesses. Sufferers do not need any specific treatment as hair will grow back with the return of the body to a normal state.
• Hair loss due to mental illness (Trichotillomania):
It is a disorder in which a person compulsively pulls his or her own hair out or by twisting them, even without realization of this doing. This is the case with anxious or depressive persons. Patchy areas show break off hairs. Psychotherapy is provided for this type of situation.
• Fungal hair loss (Tinea capitis):
It is a fungal infection of the scalp that is transmitted by sharing caps and brushes.
It mostly affects the children of school going age.
• Hormonal hair loss (Androgenic alopecia):
This is also referred to as female-pattern baldness.
This condition is often ascribed to family history or genetic predisposition.
A combination of genetics and hormones is required for this type of alopecia to develop.
Women have an increased risk of this baldness when their hormonal surge becomes turbulent after menopause.
This hair loss in women is not specifically along the frontal line but it is a generalized reduction of hair on the crown.